What is it
The jellyfish has tentacles having both offensive and defensive function, they are covered by special cells called nematocysts able to inject a stinging liquid into the prey.
The stinging liquid usually contains a mixture of three proteins: one has a paralyzing effect on the prey, the other has an inflammatory effect and the third is a neurotoxin that kills the captured prey.
As soon as the contact between our skin and the jellyfish takes place, we feel an intense burning sensation and pain. Immediately after, the skin becomes red and small bumps called wheals do raise. The burning sensation fades in 10-20 minutes and turns into intense itching. In some cases the tentacle landed on the skin causes blister formation.
The degree of pain and/or burning is different depending on the affected skin areas and can become unbearable if more than 50% of the body surface was hit by jellyfish.
What to do
If you have a jellyfish sting and you have no means of medication, the only thing to do is to rinse the inflamed area with seawater. In this way, you can dilute the toxin that has not penetrated yet.
The correct medication is the application of ASTRINGENT GEL with aluminum chloride.
ASTRINGENT GEL has an immediate anti-itch action and blocks toxin spreading.
ASTRINGENT GEL should be applied as soon as possible after the sting and applications should be repeated every 15 minutes until the itching / burning sensation goes off.
The skin may remain reddened for several days or may form blisters, then crusts.
In these cases, the skin has to be dressed with PEG BALM and must be protected from the sunlight with clothing or medications to prevent hyperpigmentation.